Timor Leste

Health risks for each individual and their trip to Timor vary greatly, with visitors including aid workers through to business and adventure travellers.

The following information provides some broad and general guidelines about health risks and recommendations for travel to Timor. This should not be taken as a substitute for a personal consultation with one of our travel health doctors, whose advice will be specific for you and your trip and may include other issues not mentioned here.

  • Plan Head - Calendar/Itinerary?

    Six to eight weeks out from departure is a good time to have a travel health consultation. You may need blood tests to check immunity to diseases or need a course of vaccines like rabies for example, and this gives you plenty of time to get everything completed. If you are travelling sooner however it's not too late for an appointment, simply make one as soon as you can.

  • Mosquito's and Bugs

    In Timor mozzies transmit to humans a number of viruses which have been on the increase due to global warming, changing environments and human travel. These include malaria, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis (JE), chikungunya and zika (which particularly affects the developing foetus). Avoid mosquito bites. Vaccines exists for JE

  • Eating/Drinking

    Observe strict food and water safety precautions (tap water in Timor is not safe to drink) and hand hygiene.

  • Vaccine Recommendations

    Travellers should be up to date for routine childhood vaccines such as tetanus, measles and hepatitis B. Any of the following vaccines may also be recommended – hepatitis A, typhoid, rabies, Japanese encephalitis, cholera and influenza. Decisions regarding which are most appropriate depend on duration and nature of travel, itinerary, age underlying medical conditions and past vaccinations.

List of Common Health Issues

  • Hepatitis A

    Hepatitis A vaccination is usually recommended for travel to Timor Leste.

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  • Typhoid

    A food and water borne disease, typhoid vaccination is often recommended.

  • Traveller’s diarrhoea

    Consider taking a water filter and well stocked self treatment kit with guidelines for treatment. Seek medical advice or evacuation if persistent or severe illness, particularly for infants, the elderly or those with underlying medical conditions. Adequate medical insurance is essential.

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  • Malaria

    Risk is variable throughout the island, so it is best to seek expert advice from a travel health doctor about the need for preventive medication. Mosquito avoidance is essential. Any fever occurring during or after travel to Timor requires prompt investigation to exclude malaria or other diseases.

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  • Rabies

    Consider pre-travel rabies vaccination (well before travel) for longer trips, those at risk or anyone wanting lifelong protection. Avoid animals (dogs, monkeys, cats, bats). Thoroughly rinse and disinfect any animal wound and seek prompt medical care for post exposure management (whether or not pre-vaccinated).

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  • Japanese encephalitis

    It's important to understand how to avoid this rare but potentially catastrophic mosquito borne disease. For those at significant risk there are a couple of vaccine options.

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  • Cholera

    An oral vaccine available for the prevention of cholera which also reduces the risk of travellers diarrhoea, is often taken by those wishing to significantly reduce their risk of gastro.

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  • Influenza

    Influenza is one of the most common vaccine preventable illnesses in travellers. In tropical climates there is no 'flu season', risk being all year round.

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  • Dengue fever

    Increasing in incidence in many parts of the world, dengue is a serious mosquito borne disease.

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  • Zika virus

    Not just a disease of South America, travellers to many other destinations, including Timor Leste, will be at risk of Zika virus.

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Latest Health Alerts

  • COVID 19 (Coronavirus)

    March 29, 2020

    As there is no non-essential overseas travel at this time this article will simply remain as an information resource for COVID-19. See our main COVID-19 page for more detailed information. We hope to be able to inform our travelers once again after this crisis passes. The links below remain trustworthy

  • Sri Lanka – Dengue Fever

    January 9, 2020

    Over 48,000 cases of dengue fever have been reported in Sri Lanka since 1st October 2019, a significant increase in incidence. Travellers should observe strict mosquito avoidance measures, particularly during daylight hours.

  • Solomon Islands – proof of measles vaccination required

    December 19, 2019

    As a result of recent outbreaks of measles in various countries, the Solomon Islands' will be requiring arriving travellers from/via American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Philippines, Samoa, or Tonga to show proof of measles vaccination, effective December 28th 2019. Vaccination needs to have been at least 15 days prior and