Mongolia is becoming a popular destination for travellers wishing to experience the traditional semi-nomadic horse based lifestyle and the natural beauty of grassy planes, mountains and the Gobi desert .
The following information provides some broad and general guidelines about health risks and recommendations for travel to Mongolia.It should not be taken as a substitute for a personal consultation with one of our travel health doctors, whose advice will be specific for you and your trip and may include some things not mentioned here.
Most Common Health Issues
Observe strict food and water safety precautions (tap water in Mongolia is not safe to drink) and hand hygiene. Consider taking a water filter and well stocked kit with guidelines for treatment. Seek medical advice or evacuation if persistent or severe illness.
The capital of Ulaanbaatar is particularly prone to air pollution in winter months (October through to March). Staying indoors and minimising exertion may be of benefit.
Animal Bites and Wounds
Consider pre-travel rabies vaccination (well before travel) for longer trips, those at risk or anyone wanting lifelong protection. Avoid animals, especially dogs. Thoroughly rinse and disinfect any animal wound and seek prompt medical care for post exposure advice (whether or not pre-vaccinated) and wound care.
Travellers should be up to date for routine childhood vaccines such as tetanus, measles and hepatitis B. Any of the following vaccines may also be recommended – hepatitis A, typhoid, rabies, tick-borne encephalitis and influenza. Decisions regarding which are most appropriate depend on duration and nature of travel, itinerary, age, underlying medical conditions and past vaccinations.